Interventional Radiology is a field of medicine that uses minimally invasive techniques and imaging guidance to perform procedures that can replace conventional surgery.
MedStar Franklin Square Medical Center interventional radiologists can treat diseases or conditions in almost any area of medicine. For example, IR specialists can break up clots inside arteries, block off blood vessels that feed tumors, treat varicose veins, deliver cancer treatment directly to a tumor through its own blood supply, drain blocked organs, and perform biopsies—all by way of tiny incisions, into which surgical instruments are navigated, under image guidance, to the target area.
Image guidance includes X-rays, magnetic resonance (MR) and computed tomography (CT) scans and ultrasound.
Common interventional imaging technologies include:
Several advantages to interventional radiology procedures exist, including:
- Most IR procedures can be performed on an outpatient basis.
- Patients undergoing an IR procedure typically do not require general anesthesia, so they retain the ability to breathe on their own, are conscious, and can respond to instructions.
- Outcomes with interventional radiology procedures are equal to or better than outcomes for patients undergoing traditional surgery. IR techniques have proven so effective, they have been adapted to a variety of surgical procedures; in some cases, they have replaced traditional surgery as a treatment option.
Interventional procedures performed at MedStar Health include:
- Computed tomography angiography (CTA)
- Interventional oncology
- Kyphoplasty and vertebroplasty
- Percutaneous image-guided biopsy
- Radio frequency
- Uterine artery
- Uterine fibroid
- Varicose vein treatment
Ablation is the thermal destruction of tissue that treats
- Primary liver cancer
- Metastatic cancer to liver
- Lung cancer
- Kidney cancer
In this localized treatment, tumor tissue is killed with either heat or extreme cold. Patients are usually discharged home the same day or next day after the procedure and return to their baseline status days after the procedure.