Parkinson’s Disease is caused by the progressive break-down of the nerve cells in the brain that control muscle movement. In addition to losing muscle control, some people with Parkinson's disease become severely depressed or find they are less able to initiate voluntary movements.
Symptoms of Parkinson's disease include:
- A slowness in voluntary movement that causes difficulty initiating and completing movement
- Tremors in the hands, fingers, forearms, feet, mouth, and chin
- Rigidity and muscle pain
- Poor balance, an unsteady walk, and frequent falls
- Changes in facial expression and voice and speech
- Loss of fine motor skills, such as writing or eating
MedStar Franklin Square Medical Center offers individualized services designed to maximize the function and independence of persons with Parkinson's disease, which can include
- Medical evaluation and care, including medication prescriptions
- Physical and occupational therapy
- Speech-language pathology
- Recommendations for home modifications and assistive devices
- Nutrition and exercise recommendations
- Social work or other counseling services
Parkinson's disease was first formally recognized in James Parkinson's "An Essay on the Shaking Palsy," published in 1817.