Mitral Stenosis

Risk factors for mitral valve stenosis include rheumatic fever. Since rheumatic fever rates are declining in the United States, the incidence of mitral stenosis is also decreasing. Only rarely do other disorders cause this condition.

Symptoms

  • Chest discomfort
  • Cough
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Fatigue
  • Frequent respiratory infections
  • Palpitations
  • Swelling of feet or ankles

Diagnostic Tools

  • Cardiac Catheterization
  • X-ray
  • ECG
  • Echocardiogram

Learn more about cardiac diagnostic tests.

Treatment

  • Mitral valve repair surgery corrects mitral valve insufficiency; the damaged valve is strengthened and shortened to help the valve close more tightly
  • Mitral valve replacement surgery corrects both mitral stenosis and insufficiency
  • Valve replacement with mechanical valves created from manmade materials, which require long-term blood thinning with warfarin medication
  • Valve replacement with biological (tissue) valves

Location Information

For a physician referral, please call 877-74-HEART (43278).

MedStar Franklin Square Medical Center
9000 Franklin Square Drive
Baltimore, MD 21237