Mastectomy is the surgical removal of the entire breast, usually to treat serious breast disease, the most common of which is breast cancer.

Atsuko Okabe, MD, breast surgeon at the Breast Center at MedStar Franklin Square, discusses treatment options for breast cancer, including mastectomies: 

Several mastectomy types exist, including:

Radical Mastectomy

With this surgery, the chest wall muscles (pectoralis) are removed, in addition to the breast and axillary lymph nodes. For many years, this operation was considered the standard for women with breast cancer, but it is rarely used today.

Modified Radical Mastectomy

The whole breast is removed, as are most of the axillary lymph nodes.

Skin Sparing Mastectomies

The breast, nipple, and areola are removed, but most of the breast skin is left intact to make a breast reconstruction as natural looking as possible. Unless you do not want a breast reconstruction, you have inflammatory or locally advanced breast cancer, a skin sparing mastectomy is often a desirable option.

Studies have proven that skin sparing mastectomies are safe and do not increase the risk of recurrence. MedStar breast surgeons are leaders in the field of skin sparing mastectomies and work closely with expert plastic surgeons that routinely perform breast reconstructions.

Nipple-Scaring Mastectomy

The inside breast tissue is removed, but all of the breast skin, including the nipple and areola, is left intact. This procedure is recommended when tumors are small and far from the nipple and areola areas.

Total (Simple) Mastectomy

The whole breast, including nipple and areola, is removed, but the axillary lymph nodes are not.

Location Information

To schedule an appointment, please call 443-777-6500.

MedStar Franklin Square Medical Center
The Harry and Jeanette Weinberg Cancer Institute
Breast Center
9101 Franklin Square Drive
Suite 110
Baltimore, Maryland 21237
Fax: 443-777-6249

MedStar Health Bel Air Medical Campus
Breast Center at Bel Air 
12 MedStar Blvd. 
Bel Air, MD 21015
Phone: 410-515-6090

Breast Cancer Specialists

  • Angie Cramer, BSN, RN, Department Manager

Women's Choice Award

Named one of America's best breast centers. Learn more.