Mastectomy is the surgical removal of the entire breast, usually to treat serious breast disease, the most common of which is breast cancer.
Several mastectomy types exist, including:
With this surgery, the chest wall muscles (pectoralis) are removed, in addition to the breast and axillary lymph nodes. For many years, this operation was considered the standard for women with breast cancer, but it is rarely used today.
Modified Radical Mastectomy
The whole breast is removed, as are most of the axillary lymph nodes.
Skin Sparing Mastectomies
The breast, nipple, and areola are removed, but most of the breast skin is left intact to make a breast reconstruction as natural looking as possible. Unless you do not want a breast reconstruction, you have inflammatory or locally advanced breast cancer, a skin sparing mastectomy is often a desirable option.
Studies have proven that skin sparing mastectomies are safe and do not increase the risk of recurrence. MedStar breast surgeons are leaders in the field of skin sparing mastectomies and work closely with expert plastic surgeons that routinely perform breast reconstructions.
The inside breast tissue is removed, but all of the breast skin, including the nipple and areola, is left intact. This procedure is recommended when tumors are small and far from the nipple and areola areas.
Total (Simple) Mastectomy
The whole breast, including nipple and areola, is removed, but the axillary lymph nodes are not.
To schedule an appointment, please call 443-777-6500.
MedStar Franklin Square Medical Center
The Harry and Jeanette Weinberg Cancer Institute
9101 Franklin Square Drive
Baltimore, Maryland 21237
MedStar Health Bel Air Medical Campus
Breast Center at Bel Air
12 MedStar Blvd.
Bel Air, MD 21015