Colorectal Cancer Treatments


colorectal cancer treatment

Suman Rao, MD, medical oncologist pictured sitting, discusses treatment options with Jean Flack, manager of oncology research at MedStar Franklin Square Medical Center. Chemotherapy may be part of your colorectal cancer treatment plan. 

Have you been diagnosed with cancer? If so, it’s important to understand what colorectal cancer treatment options are available to you. No matter what treatment option you and your doctor choose, you can rest assured that our colorectal cancer teams are devoted to you and your recovery and will answer any questions you may have. We’ll be with you every step of the way, from diagnosis to treatment to follow-up care.

Colorectal Cancer Treatments

Once you receive your colorectal cancer diagnosis, your MedStar Franklin Square team will proceed quickly to the treatment phase. Your doctor will discuss your treatment options with you, which depend on the stage of your colorectal cancer—whether it has metastasized (spread) and your general health.

At MedStar Franklin Square, your colorectal cancer team will carefully explain each treatment option, give you advice and thoroughly support you throughout your treatment process. In most cases of rectal cancer, surgery is the recommended treatment option, and your doctor may combine it with other treatments, such as radiation or chemotherapy.

There are three primary treatment options for colorectal cancer. These include surgery, chemotherapy and radiation.

Colorectal Cancer Surgery

The preferred treatment for colon cancer is surgery. Depending on the size and stage of colorectal cancer, your MedStar surgeon will recommend either minimally invasive surgery or a traditional surgical approach.

If the polyps are small and localized, your surgeon will remove those during a colonoscopy. Larger polyps may require an endoscopic mucosal resection, which involves removing a small amount of the lining of your colon.

If your colorectal cancer has grown into or through your colon, your surgeon may perform a partial colectomy. This procedure involves the surgeon removing the part of your colon that contains cancer. In some cases, it’s not possible to reconnect the healthy portions of the colon or rectum. In this case, your MedStar surgeon will have to perform a permanent or temporary colostomy .

Chemotherapy for Colorectal Cancer

In addition to colorectal cancer surgery, your MedStar doctor may recommend chemotherapy. Chemotherapy uses drugs to destroy cancer cells in your body and is usually given after surgery if your colorectal cancer has spread to your lymph nodes. The goal of chemotherapy is to reduce the risk of cancer recurrence, but it may also be used to help relieve your colon cancer symptoms if it has spread to other parts of your body.

Radiation for Colorectal Cancer

Radiation therapy uses targeted high-energy rays to kill colorectal cancer cells that might remain after your surgery. It may also be used to shrink large tumors to make surgery easier or to relieve the symptoms associated with colorectal cancer. 

Learn more about colorectal cancer and treatments:

Location Information

For a physician referral, please call 443-777-7900.

For more information about our clinical trials, please call 443-777-7364.

MedStar Franklin Square Medical Center
The Harry and Jeanette Weinberg Cancer Institute
9103 Franklin Square Drive
Baltimore, MD 21237

Learn about all MedStar Health Baltimore Cancer Network colorectal cancer treatment locations 

Colorectal Cancer Specialists 

Jeffrey Ferris, MD, colorectal cancer surgeon

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